How to cite… this site

Using MLA as a guide, the following is an example of how one would cite a post found within this blog:

Moore, Robert H., II, “A story about John M. Keyser.” [Weblog entry.] Southern Unionists Chronicles: Reflections on the Lives and Experiences of Southern Unionists, during and after the American Civil War. December 31, 2008. February 2, 2009

OR (depending on the author’s name)

Bynum, Victoria E., Hiram Hulin seeks justice for murdered sons.” [Weblog entry.] Southern Unionists Chronicles: Reflections and Experiences of Southern Unionists, during and after the American Civil War. February 13, 2009. February 22, 2009

Structurally, all elements included in the citation reflect the following:

Lastname, Firstname, “Title of individual blog entry.” [Weblog entry.] Name of Weblog. Date posted. Date accessed <URL>.

4 Responses to “How to cite… this site”

  1. Shirley Milford Says:

    I wanted to share the story of my g.g.uncle Sgt John R Stewart of the 7th Tennessee Cavalry but Tennessee is not listed on your sidebar. So I shall do so here. If you should decide to post it, you may edit it as you see fit.

    Sgt John R Stewart, 7th Tennessee Cavalry …

    Birth: May 6, 1835, Anson County, North Carolina
    Death: Oct. 3, 1864, Andersonville, Sumter County, Georgia

    John R Stewart was born in Anson County NC, the fifth child of Alfred Merriel Stewart, Sr and Catherine Richardson Stewart. He was the older brother of my g.grandfather, Alfred Merriel Stewart, Jr. Ten days after my g.grandfather was born their father Alfred Merriel Sr died on Oct 10, 1841, leaving Catherine a widow with eight children.

    In 1854 when John was 19, their next door neighbor, friend and pastor, Elder Hosea Preslar was in search of more fertile lands to provide for his family. Note: Hosea was also family – his younger brother Stephen was husband of Catherine’s daughter Nancy Angeline Stewart. After much prayer and consideration Hosea made the decision to leave NC, cross the mountains and settle “in the land between the two great waters of TN”, the Tennessee River and the Mississippi River. John’s widowed mother Catherine Stewart and her eight children packed their wagon and joined the group led by Hosea, leaving their home in NC and heading for Henderson County in West TN. I cannot imagine crossing the mountains in a wagon! What courage, strength and faith they must have had!

    According to family records John never married. He lived with and supported his widowed mother and two older unmarried sisters, Mahala Caroline Stewart and Roseanna Margaret “Peggy” Stewart. He was well educated and was a school teacher and a farmer. He raised a crop every year to help provide for his
    mother and sisters. Since he could read and write he also kept records for the community. One that has been saved was the record of the vote on whether Tennessee should secede from the Union.

    When the Civil War began John’s two younger brothers, William R Stewart and Alfred Merriel Stewart, Jr soon joined the Federal forces of Co. E – 11th Illinois Infantry to help preserve the Union. John did not join them, probably due to concern for his mother and sisters and probably because he was under teaching contracts and wanted to finish the school year to honor his contracts.

    On 7/6/1863 in Adamsville, TN John enlisted in the Union Army as a private to serve 3 years in Co. M, 7th Tennessee Cavalry. However, in Feb 1864 John wrote his mother from Union City TN – “I was detailed as clerk to Regimental Headquarters for Col Hawkins Adjutant on Dec 16th, 1863 and have served ever since faithful as I could. I could have been 1st Sergt. in my Company but I did not want the Office. I wish they would excuse me from the detail I am now on and permit me to go back to my company.” His letters to his mother expressed his deep concern for her and his sisters’ needs and well-being.

    On March 24, 1864 John and his company were captured at Union City TN by forces of Nathan Bedford Forrest. The men had the misfortune of being sent to the Andersonville Prisoner of War Stockade in Georgia. Prisoners there were so wasted that in his diary one soldier who survived, Sgt David Kennedy of the 9th Ohio Cavalry, described Andersonville as “this hell on earth
    where it takes 7 prisoners to make a shadow”… Just six months later John was admitted to the hospital at Andersonville. He died there 3 days later on Oct 3,1864 of starvation and scrobutus (scurvy, lack of Vitamin C).

    I made a memorial for John on Findagrave and requested a photo of his grave marker #13382, the number given me by family members. But volunteer photographer Kevin Frye reported grave #13382 was not John’s grave, but was marked Unknown US Soldier. Kevin could find no headstone with John’s name and no record of his being in the prison. Andersonville National Cemetery also stated they had no record of his being there… But his family knew for certain he was imprisoned there from old letters from family and friends his mother had saved. A Findagrave Facebook friend Jennifer Lewis found copies of John’s Casualty Sheet and his Prisoner of War Record for me and those records proved he was a prisoner there. They also showed where his initial’ ‘R written in cursive was mistaken for an ‘A’ which could account for the record mix-up. The records also showed that John had been promoted to Sergeant. I hope his beloved mother received that news. I sent those records to Andersonville.

    With those records Andersonville was able to confirm his name and the number 13382 on a badly ink-stained hospital register list. But the number 13382 which the family had thought was his grave marker number was actually his prison hospital register number. Another cause for the confusion may have been that since he had been detailed to the Adjutant’s office, his military records were not with his company. Also his remains might not have been identified because so many prisoners died at the prison on October 3, 1864. There were seven who died that day who were buried as ‘unknowns’ – graves 10242, 10251, 10253, 10261, 10263, 10264 and 10266. John was one of those seven unknowns… Unbeknown to his family John has been buried there for 148 years known only as one of many ‘Unknown US Soldiers’.

    Since Andersonville had no record of his burial, they suggested I request a Memorial Headstone to be placed in a cemetery in his hometown so John could finally get the recognition he deserves, can rest in peace and no longer be unknown!! In May 2013 the VA approved my request for a Memorial Marker for John and on Jun 6, 2013, the anniversary of D-Day, John’s marker was placed
    in Union Hill Cemetery, Reagan TN. On Saturday June 22, 2013 the family held a Memorial Service at the cemetery. Around 27 descendants and friends came to honor the memory of Sgt John R Stewart. Ret. Major General Dan Wood was the guest speaker and the haunting sounds of ‘Taps’ were played at the end by Danny Frizzell, VFW bugler. The service was very inspiring.

    Andersonville, also called Camp Sumter, was one of the largest and worst military prisons established by the Confederacy during the Civil War. In existence for 14 months, over 45,000 Union soldiers were confined at the prison. Of these, almost 13,000 died from disease, poor sanitation, malnutrition, starvation, overcrowding and exposure to the elements.

    John’s younger brothers William R Stewart and Alfred Merrill Stewart, Jr served in Co E, 11th Illinois Infantry. They survived the war and were able to return to their homes.

    Sgt John R Stewart is no longer an ‘Unknown US Soldier’ and he will be remembered and honored for his sacrifice to preserve the Union.

    Link to John’s Memorial Marker and Service pictures at Union Hill Cemetery

    I hope I haven’t bored you with too much information, but I thought it ironic that, not just one but several things contributed to John’s being ‘unknown’ for all these years. I hope you find John’s story interesting.

    I relate all this in hopes it will encourage others to research their lost family ancestors and request Memorial Markers to honor them. Those who left to serve their country but did not return should not be forgotten.

    • Stan West Says:

      I, too, am related to these Stewarts, and knew that he died at Andersonville, but couldn’t find him in the listing there when I visited. Thanks to you and your research, I now know that he did indeed die there and beyond that has a memorial, again, thanks to you.

      • Shirley Milford Says:

        Stan, I am so glad you found John’s story and thank you for your comments. I would love to know how you are related to these Stewarts and what your lineage is if you will share it with me. Do you happen to know anything about the death of Alfred Merriel Stewart, Sr or where he is buried? I know he did not make the trip from NC to Tennessee since he died several years before. There is so little known about him and very little mention of him in the book about Catherine Stewart, “Tennessee Roots” or Hosea Preslar’s book “Divine Providence”. In fact there is little mention of the trip and I have been unable to find anything about the trip… Sorry to get so ‘off subject’ but it is exciting to find a relative. I would love to hear from you.

  2. I have just published a book on the 7th TN Cavalry USA. It is entitled “Hawkins’ Tories:” A Regimental and Social History of the 7th Tennessee Cavalry USA. It is available on, etc. or from the publisher at ISBN 978-1-940127-04-0. Peggy Scott Holley

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